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Voting in Alabama

The most basic way to participate in our democracy is to vote. Be a prepared voter. Learn about your candidates, register to vote or request an absentee ballot, and mark your calendar for upcoming elections. Below you will find important dates, deadlines, key contact information, and more.

Upcoming Elections

Primary Election

Jun 5The Alabama Primary election was Tuesday, June 5, 2018

General Election

Nov 6The Alabama General election was Tuesday, November 6, 2018

Important Voter Information

State Election Contacts and Information

Here is a summary of important election contacts and information in the state of Alabama.

Alabama Election Website
Open the Election Website
Alabama Election Contact Phone
(334) 242-7210
Alabama Polling Place Locator
Open the Polling Place Locator
Alabama Polling Places Open
7:00 am Local Time
Alabama Polling Places Close
7:00 pm Local Time

Here is a summary of information about voting by mail in the state of Alabama.

Vote By Mail Deadlines

The deadlines for voting by mail depend on the election.

Upcoming Elections

Here is a summary of information about voting by fax in the state of Alabama.

Vote by Fax Deadlines

The deadlines for voting by fax depend on the election.

Upcoming Elections

Absentee Ballot Information

Here is a summary of key absentee ballot information in the state of Alabama. More information can be found on the state's absentee ballot webpage.



Instructions

Absentee Voting Eligibility


A voter may cast an absentee ballot if he or she:
  • WILL BE ABSENT FROM THE COUNTY on election day

  • IS ILL OR HAS A PHYSICAL INFRIMITY that prevents a trip to the polling place

  • IS A REGISTERED ALABAMA VOTER LIVING OUTSIDE THE COUNTY, including but not limited to, members of the armed forces or a spouse or
    dependent of such a person, or a U.S. citizen residing overseas or students at an educational institution located outside their county of residence;

  • IS AN APPOINTED ELECTION OFFICER OR POLL WATCHER at a polling place other than his or her regular polling place; or

  • WORKS A REQUIRED SHIFT, 10-HOURS OR MORE, that coincides with polling hours


BUSINESS/ MEDICAL EMERGENCY VOTING


Applications can be made after the absentee deadline but no later than 5 PM on the day before the election, if the voter:
  • is required by an employer due to unforeseen circumstances to be out of the county on an emergency business trip on election day; or,

  • has a medical emergency requiring treatment from a licensed physician within 5 days of an election.

In addition to application information outlined in the next section, the business emergency application contains an affidavit acknowledging that the voter was not aware of the out-of-county business trip prior to the normal absentee ballot deadline. The medical emergency application requires that the attending physician describe and certify the circumstances as constituting an emergency.

Absentee ballot application


To obtain an absentee ballot, write or visit the local Absentee Election Manager (usually the Circuit Clerk), request an absentee ballot, and provide the following:

  • name and residential address;

  • election for which the ballot is requested;

  • reason for absence from polls on election day;

  • party choice, if the election is a party primary; (It is not necessary to give a party choice for a general election; however, in a party primary a voter may participate in only one political party's primary; thus a choice must be designated so that the appropriate ballot can be provided. If the voter declines or fails to designate a choice for a primary or primary runoff ballot, the absentee election manager may send only the ballot for constitutional amendments.)

  • address to which the ballot should be mailed;

  • voter signature (If a mark is made in place of a signature, it must be witnessed)
The absentee ballot application must be returned to the Absentee Election Manager by the voter in person (or by the voter's designee in the case of medical emergency voting) or by U.S. Mail no later than the fifth day prior to the election.

Upon receiving the absentee ballot application, the Absentee Election Manager may request additional evidence on the reason for voting absentee if the voter has a history of continuous absentee voting.

APPLICATIONS FOR MILITARY PERSONNEL AND OVERSEAS CITIZENS — Applications submitted by military personnel, their spouses or dependents, and
U.S. citizens residing overseas are valid for all federal, state, and county elections in the current calendar year. However, these voters should ensure that they keep their mailing addresses updated with their County Board of Registrars and with their Absentee Election Manager.

2018 Absentee Voting Deadlines


PRIMARY

Absentee Voting Begins: APR 11

Absentee Application Deadline: MAY 31

Absentee Ballot Hand-Delivery/ Postmark Deadline: JUNE 4

Absentee UOCAVA Ballot Receipt Deadline (post mark no later than election day): JUNE 12

RUNOFF

Absentee Voting Begins: JUNE 12

Absentee Application Deadline: JULY 12

Absentee Ballot Hand-Delivery/ Postmark Deadline: JULY 16

Absentee UOCAVA Ballot Receipt Deadline (post mark no later than election day): JULY 24


GENERAL

Absentee Voting Begins: SEP 11

Absentee Application Deadline: NOV 1

Absentee Ballot Hand-Delivery/ Postmark Deadline: NOV 5

Absentee UOCAVA Ballot Receipt Deadline (post mark no later than election day): NOV 13

Ballot Receipt/Return - Non-UOCAVA Voters


If the absentee ballot application is approved, the Absentee Election Manager:

  • forwards the absentee ballot by U.S. Mail; or

  • personally hands the absentee ballot to the voter (or to a designee in the case
    of medical emergency voting).

BALLOT PROCEDURE — The absentee ballot comes with three envelopes —
one plain (the secrecy envelope), one with an affidavit, or oath, printed on the outside, and one plain, pre-addressed envelope (the outer envelope). Once the
voter casts the ballot, the procedure is as follows:
  • seal the ballot in the plain envelope (the secrecy envelope).
  • place the plain envelope inside the accompanying affidavit envelope.
  • seal the affidavit envelope and complete the affidavit that is on the outside of the envelope.
  • sign the affidavit and have the signature witnessed by either a notary public or two witnesses 18 years of age or older.

  • place the affidavit envelope and a COPY of the voter’s photo voter identification inside the outer envelope, unless exempt as an elderly voter or voter with
    disability whose polling place is inaccessible.

  • remember to place a copy of your ID (NOT THE ORIGINAL) inside the outer envelope.

WITNESSES OR NOTARIZATION — An absentee ballot cannot be counted
unless the affidavit is notarized or has the signatures of two witnesses.

SUBMITTING THE VOTED BALLOT — The voter is required to use one of the
following methods for returning his or her absentee ballot:
  • send the ballot to the Absentee Election Manager by U.S. Mail; or
  • personally deliver the ballot to the Absentee Election Manager (or by a designee in the case of medical emergency voting).

VOTING DEADLINE — An absentee ballot returned by mail must be postmarked no later than the day prior to the election. If hand-delivered by the voter, the
ballot must be in the Absentee Election Manager’s office by the close of business (but no later than 5 PM) on the day prior to the election. The absentee ballot
must be received by the Absentee Election Manager by noon on election day if, the ballot is mailed.

The deadlines for applications to receive absentee ballots and absentee ballots themselves vary by election.

Upcoming Elections

The deadlines for early voting vary by election.

Upcoming Elections

Military and Overseas Voting

Voting help for uniformed service members, their families, and citizens living outside the U.S. can be found at the Federal Voting Assistance Program website.